IUCN Otter Specialist Group . . . leading global otter conservation Last Update: Monday February 8, 2016
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The 13 Species of Otter

Click on the otter portraits to find out more about them, or choose from the list below

The statuses shown in red are the OSG Red List updates for 2015 submitted to IUCN. They may not have appeared yet on the IUCN Red List website.

The 13 species of otter are: Status Population Trend CITES Appendix

Click on otter to go to species page Sea Otter, Enhydra lutris Asian Small-Clawed Otter, Aonyx cinereus Hairy-Nosed Otter, Lutra sumatrana Giant Otter, Pteronura brasiliensis Eurasian Otter, Lutra lutra Congo Clawless Otter, Aonyx congicus African Clawless Otter, Aonyx capenss Marine Otter, Lontra felina North American River Otter, Lontra canadensis Smooth-Coated Otter, Lutrogale perspicillata South American River Otter, Lontra provocax Neotropical Otter, Lontra longicaudis Go to list of otter species Spotted-Necked Otter, Lutra maculicollis
Click on the globe to see the full size version

CITES Otter Identification Sheets

Appendix 1: Species threatened with extinction so CITES prohibits international trade in specimens of these species except when the purpose of the import is not commercial, for instance for scientific research.

Appendix 2: species that are not necessarily now threatened with extinction but that may become so unless trade is closely controlled.

There are no otter species on Appendix 3.

African Clawless Otter
Aonyx capensis
Near Threatened Decreasing I
Asian Small-Clawed Otter
Aonyx cinereus
Vulnerable Decreasing II
Congo Clawless Otter,
Aonyx congicus
Near Threatened Decreasing I
Sea Otter,
Enhydra lutris
Endangered Decreasing I (E. l. nereis)
II (E. l. lutris & E. l kenyoni)
North American River Otter
Lontra canadensis
Least Concern Stable II
Marine Otter
Lontra felina
Endangered Decreasing I
Neotropical Otter
Lontra longicaudis
Near Threatened Decreasing I
South American River Otter
Lontra provocax
Endangered Decreasing I
Eurasian Otter
Lutra lutra
Near Threatened Decreasing I
Spotted-Necked Otter
Hydrictis maculicollis
Near Threatened Decreasing II
Hairy-Nosed Otter
Lutra sumatrana
Endangered Decreasing II
Smooth-Coated Otter
Lutrogale perspicillata
Vulnerable Decreasing II
Giant Otter
Pteronura brasiliensis
Endangered Decreasing I
(Source: IUCN Red List October 2015)